Information about polyclads and drawings are derived from the following papers and books.

Baguna J., Salo E., Romero R., Garcia-Fernandez J., Bueno D., Munoz-Marmol A.M.,
Byascas-Ramirez J.R. and Casali A. 1994
Regeneration and pattern formation in planarians: Cells, molecules and genes.
Zoological Sciences, 11: 781-795

Brusca R.C. & Brusca G.J. 1995
in The Invertebrates (Sinauer, Sunderland, MA, 1990); C. Nielsen, in Animal Evolution, Interrelationships of Living Phyla.
Oxford University Press, Oxford

Davies L., Keenan L. and Koopowitz H. 1985
Nerve repair and behavioral recovery following brain transplantation in Notoplana acticola, a polyclad flatworm.
Journal of Experimental Zoology, 235: 157-173

Gilbert S.F. & Raunio A.M. (eds.) 1997
Embryology - Constructing the organism.
Sinauer Associates, Inc. Publishers, Sunderland, MA, USA, ISBN 0-87893-237-2

Goggin C.L. and Newman L. 1996
Use of molecular data to discriminate pseudocerotid turbellarians.
Journal of Helminthology, 70: 123-126

Holligan P.M. & Gooday G.W. 1977
Symbiosis in Convoluta roscoffensis. Symposia of the Society of Experimental Biology, 29 (1975): 205-227

Keenan C.L., Coss R. and Koopowitz H. 1981
Cytoarchitecture of primitive brains: Golgi studies in flatwoms.
Journal of Comparative Neurology, 195: 697-716

Koopowitz H., Elvin M. and Keenan LK. 1996
In vivo visualization of living flatworm neurons using Lucifer yellow intracellular injections.
Journal of Neuroscientific Methods, 69: 83-89

Levinton J.S. 1995
Marine Biology: function, biodiversity, ecology
Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford, ISBN 0-19-508573-6

Miyazawa K., Jeon J.K., Noguchi T., Ito K. and Hashimoto K. 1987
Distribution of tetrodotoxin in the tissues of the flatworm Planocera multitentaculata (Platyhelminthes).
Toxicon, 25: 975-980

Michiels N.K., Newman L.J. 1998
Sex and violence in hermaphrodites
Nature, Vol. 391: 647

Newman L.J & Cannon L.R.G. 1994
Pseudoceros and Pseudobiceros (Platyhelminthes, Polycladida) from eastern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 37 (1): 205-266. ISSN 0079-8835

Newman L.J & Cannon L.R.G. 1994
Biodiversity of tropical polyclad flatworms from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia.
Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 36 (1): 159-163. ISSN 0079-8835

Newman L.J., Cannon L.R.G. and Brunckhorst D.J. 1994
A new flatworm (Platyhelminthes, Polycladida) which mimics a Phylidiid Nudibranch (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 19-25

Newman L.J., Cannon L.R.G., Govan H. 1993
Stylochus (Imogene) matatasi n. sp. (Platyhelminthes, Polycladida): Pest of cultured giant clams and pearl oysters from Solomon Islands. Hydrobiologia 257: 185-189

Newman L.J., Cannon L.R.G. 1995
Colour pattern variation in the tropical flatworm, Pseudoceros (Platyhelminthes: Polycladida), with descriptions of three new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 43 (2): 435-446

Newman L.J. and Anderson R.C. 1997
A new species and new records of Pseudoceros (Turbellaria, Polycladida) from the Maldives
Journal of South Asian natural History, Volume 2, Number 2

Noguchi T., Ali A.E., Arakawa O., Miyazawa K., Kanoh S., Shida Y., Nishio S. and Hashimoto K. 1991
Tetrodonic acid-like substance: a possible precursor of tetrodotoxin.
Toxicon, 29: 845-855

Ruiz-Trillo I., Riutort M., Timothy D., Littlewood J., Herniou E.A. and Baguna J. 1999
Acoel flatworms: Earliest extant bilaterian mesozoans, not members of Platyhelminthes
Science, 283: 1919-1923

Schupp P., Wray V., Paul V., Söhlemann P., Lohse M. and Proksch P. 1997
Ecology and biological activity of new staurosporine derivatives from the marine ascidian Eudistoma sp. and the marine flatworm Pseudoceros concineus.
ISCE, Poster 40

Schupp P., Eder C., Proksch P., Wray V., Schneider B., Herderich M. and Paul V. 1999
Staurosporine derivatives from the ascidian Eudistoma toealensis and its predatory flatworm Pseudoceros sp.
Journal of Natural Products, 62: 959-962

Tyler S. & Bush L.F. 1998, Turbellarian Platyhelminths Taxonomy

Wang D.Y., Kumar S., Hedges S.B. 1999
Divergence time estimates for the early history of animal phyla and the origin of plants, animals and fungi.
Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci., 266: 163-171

Webber H.H. & Thurmann H.V. 1991
Marine Biology, 2nd edition,
Harper Collins Publishers Inc., New York, ISBN 0-673-39913-3

Westheide W. & Rieger R. 1996
Spezielle Zoologie, Erster Teil: Einzeller und Wirbellose Tiere
Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena, New York, ISBN 3-437-20515-3

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Last update: April 26, 2002